On 1 June 2018, the European Commission published three legislative proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for the period 2021-2027: a regulation for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States, a regulation on the common organization of the markets in agricultural products, and a horizontal regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP. The budget is decreasing compared to the previous period. It reaches 365 billion euros, which represents 28.5% of the European budget compared with 37.6% currently.
One of the main changes introduced by the proposals is the freedom left to Member States in order for them to define how the funds there are being granted should be allocated. Member States will be responsible for drawing up national plans according to the needs of the country, and these plans will then be validated by the Commission, in line with the nine objectives defined for the CAP at the European level. The Commission also proposes the price cap and the gradual reduction of direct payments which are used to support farmers' incomes. The institution wishes to promote a generational renewal and proposes that at least 2% of the Member States endowment should be allocated to young farmers.
These proposals do not seem to satisfy the policy makers and the actors involved in the CAP. 20 Member States announced their opposition to a budget cut. MEPs from different political groups are worried about the "re-nationalisation" of the CAP. Finally, farmers are dissatisfied with the reduction of direct payments that they consider to be an essential tool to stabilize their incomes.
The debates are now opened in the European Parliament and in the Council. Decision makers wish to reach an agreement before the political renewal in the Commission and in the European Parliament that will take place in May 2019.